The Comprehensive Overview on Different Dog Breeds

Border Collie

It is likely that the name “Border” originates from the places where sheepdogs were most used, i.e. the Welsh and Scottish Borders with England. The word “Collie” was first used in 1617 when the habits of a Scottish bishop were likened to those of a “Collie Dog”

It is likely that the name “Border” originates from the places where sheepdogs were most used, i.e. the Welsh and Scottish Borders with England. The word “Collie” was first used in 1617 when the habits of a Scottish bishop were likened to those of a “Collie Dog”

Renownned for it’s working ability with both Sheep and Cattle. Unlike most breeds the Border Collie that we know today has changed very little over the past 100 years, which proves the early shepherds knew the dog was built for the job it had to do

Recognised by the Kennel Club in 1976

All about the Border Collie

  • The Border Collie is a herding breed thought to have been developed around the Scottish border
  • They are an extremely energetic, acrobatic and athletic breed needing much exercise and stimulation
  • If not exercised out of them bordom can lead to chewing and biting furniture
  • They have previously been very sucessfulin dog sports and sheepdog trials
  • Arguably Border Collies are the most intelligent dogs
  • Old Hemp was born and bred in September 1893 and all pure Border Collies alive today trace back to him
  • Border Collies hair will not shed very much
  • Can be unsuitable for families with small children and other pets due to their desire to herd
  • Height: 18-22 inch (46-56cm)
  • Lifespan average 12 years

Airedale Terrier

Originated in Yorkshire in the early 19th century when the working men in the Leeds area crossed the Welsh Terrier with the Otterhound, producing a very versatile Terrier.

All About the Airedale Terrier

  • The Airedale Terrier was originated in Airedale in Yorkshire in the early 19th Century
  • Bred from the Welsh Terrier and the Otterhound
  • Has also been called a Waterside Terrier because it originally hunted Otters
  • Has been used as a Police Dog in the UK previously
  • They are the largest British Terriers
  • They have a medium length Black and Tan Coat, They have a harsh top coat and a soft undercoat
  • With regular grooming these dogs can shed very little
  • Not agressive dogs, but they are fearless
  • Have been used as working or hunting dogs because they have herding characteristics
  • If trained correctly Airedale Terriers can be an excellent choice for a Family dog
  • They are Intelligent, Independent, Strong Minded, Full of Curiosity with a good attitude
  • Can sometimes be stubborn
  • Average weight is 25 – 30 kilograms (55-66lb)
  • Average height is 58 – 61cm (23-24in)
  • Have an average lifespan of 11.5 years

Basset Hound

This breed often depicted as a cartoon character is deceptively energetic for it’s weight and size and can still hunt Rabbits and Hares by scent over long distances, through the thickest undergrowth.

The Basset breed originated in France in the sixteenth century where French nobleman used them for Badger hunting.

The breed was not introduced into Britain until the latter half of the nineteenth century. The Basset Hound we know today was possibly produced by adding the Bloodhound strain to it’s existing genes. The name “Basset” comes from the French word “bas” meaning low.

Queen Alexandra, Wife of Edward VII was a keen Basset Enthusiast.

All about the Basset Hound

  • The Basset is the shortest legged breed of the Hound family
  • They are scent hounds for hunting rabbits and hares
  • Their sense of smell is second only to that of the Bloodhound
  • They are a large, short, solid and long dog.
  • Basset Hounds have a hanging skin structure which can make them look sad
  • Along with the Bloodhound, their trailing ears are the longest of any breed
  • They have short legs due to a form of dwarfism
  • They are not able to hold themselves above water for very long due to their legs being so short
  • Their coat is long, smooth and soft. Basset Hounds shed constantly
  • Their colours are usually black, tan and white or tan and white bi colours
  • Their temperment is friendly to people and pets, therefore are excellent for family dogs
  • Due to a tendancy to run after prey they should be kept on a leash when out on walks
  • Have been known to sleep often
  • Could be classed as a vocal breed – they howl or bark when they want something or when something is wrong
  • An extremely loyal breed and hate to be left alone
  • Can be a stubborn breed at times
  • Weight of an adult averages at 20-35kg (44-77lbs)
  • Lifespan 11.4 years

Bearded Collie

The Beardie is thought to have Polish Lowland Sheepdog origins from around the 16th century.

The breed virtually disappeared as a working dog until it was revived in the mid 1940’s.

The friendly breed of dog needs constant excercise and is ideal for people with time and energy.

All about the Bearded Collie

  • Bearded Collie is a herding breed that has been used by Scottish Shepherds
  • They are a good natured family dog and show dog from the working dog group
  • They have very high energy levels and grooming requirements are weekly
  • Bearded Collies have keen problem solving abilities
  • Females are generally more outgoing  and headstrong than males
  • If they are entered into puppy school at the same age as other breeds they frequently fail, due to standard puppy issues  lasting longer
  • They have an average litter of 7 pups
  • Weight: 40-60 lbs (18-27kg)
  • Height: 20-22 inches (51-56cm)
  • Lifespan 12.8 years

Bernese Mountain Dog

The exact origins of the breed appear lost in time. Part of its genes probably descends from large Mastiffs left behind by Roman Legions as they passed through Switzerland some 2000 years ago. It nearly disappeared in the late 1800’s, until a Swiss breeder found several good species in the Berne region. Given it’s current name in 1908.

A working breed it is trained to herd livestock and to pull carts.

All about the Bernese Mountain Dog

  • One of 4 breeds from the Swiss Alps
  • Originally kept as a farm dog or used for pulling carts
  • Established in 1907 as a member of the working dog group
  • they have a distinctive tri-colour coat, black with white chest and rust colour markings above eyes, side of mouth and front of legs
  • They have a broad head and v shaped ears
  • They have a double layer coat the undercoat is fairly dense and the outer coat is rough but not harsh
  • Bernese dogs are good natured, self assured, placid and docile
  • Although they are an outdoor dog they do not have a great deal of endurance
  • Affectionate, loyal, faithful, intelligent but sometimes shy, they are good with children
  • Height: 23-27.5in (58-70cm)
  • Weight: 40-55kg (88-120lbs)
  • Lifespan about 8 years

Bernese Mountain Dog

The exact origins of the breed appear lost in time. Part of its genes probably descends from large Mastiffs left behind by Roman Legions as they passed through Switzerland some 2000 years ago. It nearly disappeared in the late 1800’s, until a Swiss breeder found several good species in the Berne region. Given it’s current name in 1908.

A working breed it is trained to herd livestock and to pull carts.

All about the Bernese Mountain Dog

  • One of 4 breeds from the Swiss Alps
  • Originally kept as a farm dog or used for pulling carts
  • Established in 1907 as a member of the working dog group
  • they have a distinctive tri-colour coat, black with white chest and rust colour markings above eyes, side of mouth and front of legs
  • They have a broad head and v shaped ears
  • They have a double layer coat the undercoat is fairly dense and the outer coat is rough but not harsh
  • Bernese dogs are good natured, self assured, placid and docile
  • Although they are an outdoor dog they do not have a great deal of endurance
  • Affectionate, loyal, faithful, intelligent but sometimes shy, they are good with children
  • Height: 23-27.5in (58-70cm)
  • Weight: 40-55kg (88-120lbs)
  • Lifespan about 8 years

Border Terrier

This dog was bred in the seventeenth century in the Border areas between England and Scotland to help cull foxes. Its ancestry is common with many other terriers of that region.

The name was established in 1880, before then it was called the Redwater or Coquetdale Terrier.

The Border Terrier Club was established in 1921 and the breed is now popular throughout the world.

All about the Border Terrier

  • Border Terriers are a small rough coated breed of Terrier
  • They were bred as fox and vermin hunters
  • Bedlington Terriers and Dandie Dinmont Terriers share the same ancestry
  • Thery were originally recognised by the British Kennel Club in 1920
  • Appearance – They have a broad skull with a short but strong muzzle, they do not have many whiskers and also have a short tail
  • They have a double layer coatthat requires hand stripping twice a year
  • They can sometimes be stubborn and strong willed but in the whole they are very even tempered and friendly
  • They are known to be good with children but may chase cats and other small pets
  • They can be trained to aid the blind or deaf
  • Height: 11-16on (28-41cm)
  • Weigh: 11.5-15.5lbs (5.2-7.0k)

Boxer

The breed was developed in Germany by crossing the Bullenbeiszer and Barenbeiszer Mastiffs. Originally quite freocious, it was used for bull-baiting and hunting. In the latter part of the nineteenth century they were crossed with Bulldogs, thus softening their looks and eventually perfecting the lines and character of the breed we know today.

It received the name “Boxer” from its habit of striking out with its front legs.

All about the Boxer

  • The Boxer is a medium sized dog with a stocky build and short hair
  • The Boxers head is very distinct with its square muzzle
  • Until recently Boxers were a docked breed
  • They have a short shiney smooth coat that lies tight to the body
  • 20-25% of all Boxers are born white
  • An energetic breed, bright and playful
  • Tend to be good with children
  • An active, strong dog that requires adequate exercise to prevent chewing, digging or licking
  • Not an aggressive dog but is a true guardian of its family and home alike
  • Weight: 55-70lbs (25-32kg)
  • Height: 21-25in (53-63cm)
  • Lifespan average 9 years 8 months

Bullmastiff

It’s origins in Great Britain go back to the early 1800’s by crossing the English Mastiff with the Bulldog.

It is one of the world’s most popular guard dogs and was very popular with gamekeepers having the ability to chase and capture intruders without physically mauling or killing them.

All about the Bullmastiff

  • The Bullmastiff is a large, solid domestic dog
  • Originated in the 19th Century
  • Has been used as a guard dog by gamekeepers in England
  • Known to be a very quiet dog
  • They keep growing until they are around 3.5 years old
  • Height: 24-27in (61-69cm)
  • Weight: 100-130lbs (45-59kg)
  • Lifespan 8-10 years

Rottweiler

The origins of the Rottweiler probably comes from a mixing of dogs used by the Roman legions and the native German varieties. The name originating from the town of Rottweil, in Germany. The earliest record of a Rottweiler being imported into Britain was 1936. Unfortunately World War II brought an end to this line. It was not until 1953 that the Rottweiler was re-introduced after been seen working in Germany.

The breed’s roll over the centuries has changed from cattle droving to police dog. It is used extensively in many countries as a guard dog, by the police and services.

All about the Rottweiler

  • Medium to large size domestic dog
  • Originated in Germany
  • Thought to have been used to herd livestock and pull carts
  • They have a relatively low hunting instinct
  • Have been used as search and rescue dogs, guide dogs for the blind, guard dogs and even police dogs
  • Both upper and lower jaws are strong and broad
  • The outer coat is of medium length coarse, flat and dense
  • The under coat is present on neck and thighs and for show dogs must not show through
  • Good natured, placid, devoted, obedient and eager to work when trained correctly
  • Has a desire to protect its family and home
  • Litter size: 8-12 pups
  • Weight: 40-58kg (88-130lbs)
  • Height: 56-69cm (22-27in)
  • Lifespan: 9-12 years

Cairn Terrier

This fearless little dog is a descendant of the working terriers which inhabited the Islands and Highlands of Scotland.

It retains much of the characteristics of the older breeds and is conceivable that the Cairn Terrier and West Highland White Terrier were originally one and the same dog.

Recognised by the Kennel Club in 1910.

All about the Cairn Terrier

  • Thought to have been originated in the Scottish Highlands as a working dog, the Cairn Terrier is believed to be the oldest of the Terrier breeds
  • They were known to search man-made piles of stone for rats and rodents
  • Their litter size can vary between 2-10 pups
  • They have a 2 layer coat, their outer weather resistant coat is shaggy, while their undercoat is is soft
  • They are adventurous, intelligent, strong, loyal and tough dogs
  • They have a potential to be aggressive towards other animals
  • They are protective of thier families
  • Generally they go well with other dogs
  • Height: 9-13in (23-33cm)
  • Weight: 13-18lbs (6-8kg)
  • Lifespan 10-15 years

Cavalier

There will always be speculation as to the ancestry of the Cavalier. They may have originated in Spain, France, Italy or Holland, and these early little Spaniels were known as Toy Spaniels and were even seen on the fifteenth century tapestries. Queen Mary is reputed to have had a Blenheim in 1554.

The name Blenheim came from John. 1st Duke of Marlborough, and was given to the liver and white Cavaliers favored by him. To this day it has retained that name.

One of the earliest mentions of the Tricolour is a “Lost” advertisement in the “London Gazette” by Prince Rupert, October 1667. Prince Charles was the original name given to the Tricolour.

The breed was shown in the same classes as the King Charles Spaniel until 1945 when seperate registration was granted by the Kennel Club.

All about the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

  • The Cavalier is one of the most popular breeds in the UK toda
  • Is known as a Toy Dog
  • Adult Cavaliers are usually the same size as adolescent dogs of the other Spaniel breeds
  • A friendly and affectionate dog
  • Good with other animals and children
  • They have a silky moderate length coat
  • Affectionate, playful, patient and eager to please
  • Weight: 13-18lbs (5.9-8.2kg)
  • Height: 12-13in (30-33cm)
  • Lifespan 9-14 years

Chihuahua

The tiniest of the toy group, the Chihuahua is extremely popular. For it’s size it is totally un-intimidated by other dogs.

The breed was probably introduced to America from Mexico, but it is truly an indigenous South American breed descended from the dogs held sacred by the Incas.

Described as cheeky with a saucy expression, graceful in appearance and highly intelligent. He is that kind of dog that easy to train, take anywhere and makes a delightful companion. However, he is not a suitable pet for small children.

There are 2 varieties of Chihuahua. The Long coat and the Short coat both being easy to keep clean and groom.

All about the Chihuahua

  • Thought to be named after Chihuahua in Mexico
  • The smallest breed of dog
  • Can either have a long or a smooth coat
  • Many different colour including white, black and tan
  • Usual litter size is around 4 pups
  • Temperment can change according to their owner
  • If ill tempered they can attack easily so generally unsuitable for homes with small children
  • Do not always get along with other breeds
  • Weight: Under 11lbs (under 3kg)
  • Height: 6-10in (15-23cm)
  • Lifespan between 10-20 years

Cocker Spaniel

The name “Spaniel” probably originates from the old French for “Spanish Dog”

In the early days, all breeds of  Spaniels were referred to under the heading of “Spaniels” the name “Cocker” or “Cocker Spaniel” was introduced about 1800. At this point in time, they were used mainly for shooting. Became firmly established in the late nineteenth century.

Nowadays this pleasant dog is equally happy as a gun dog, show dog or just as a companion. Recognised by the Kennel Club in 1893

All about the Cocker Spaniel

  • There are 2 modern breeds – the American Cocker Spaniel and the English Cocker Spaniel
  • Bred to specialize in hunting – known as a gun dog
  • Various colours of coat including black, liver, red, golden, black and tan, liver and tan plus roan colours
  • Cocker Spaniel is the most sucessful breed of Best in Show at Crufts dog show
  • The working variety of the breed tends to be larger than the show variety with flatter heads and shorter ears
  • They can have ear problems due to the length of their ears
  • Weight: 28-32lbs (13-15kg)
  • Height: 13.5-16in (34-41cm)
  • Lifespan around 11 years

Corgi 

All about the Corgi

  • Corgi is one of the smallest dogs in the herding category
  • Has been favoured by the British Royal Family for over 70 years
  • Has short legs but is still very sturdy and athletic
  • Long in the body with a naturally docked tail and erect ears
  • The length of the  body is thought to be 40% longer than their height
  • They have a great desire to please and love being part of a family
  • They are eager to learn and are very affectionate
  • If they are socialized with adults, children and other animals they are very well behaved
  • Weight: 24-30lbs (11-14kg) They can weigh up to 40lbs if they are allowed to over eat
  • Height: 10-12in (25-30cm) from foot to shoulders
  • Lifespan around 12-15 years

Dachshund

The word Dachshund simply means “badger dog”. This sporting dog represents a small and distinctive breed within the hound group. Its history dates back to the 15th century. Although dogs with long bodies and short legs appeared on walls of Egyptian temples, and remains resembling Dachshunds have been excavated in Roman settlements in Germany.

Introduced into Britain when Prince Edward presented one to Queen Victoria. Recognised by The Kennel Club in  1874

All about the Dachshund

  • Dachshund is a short-haired, long-bodied dog belonging to the Hound family
  • Bred to scent, chase and flush out badgers and other such animals
  • Dachshund if of German origins meaning “Badger Dog”
  • Nicknamed hot dog, wiener dog or sausage dog
  • Dachshunds have a long body that is muscular, short stubby legs and a long snout to absorb odors
  • There are 3 types of Dachshund – short haired (smooth), long haired and wire haired
  • They are playful but can be stubborn
  • Known for chasing small animals
  • They are very devoted and loyal to their owners
  • Litter size 4-8 pups
  • Weight: Standard – 15-28lbs (6.8 – 13kg)  Miniature – Less than 11lbs (5kg)
  • Lifespan: 12.7 years

Dalmatian

A tremendous character with a very distinctive appearance of a white coat with dark spots. The breed became very popular during the Regency period. Known as the “Carriage dog” it was used to run alongside horse-drawn carriages to protect passengers from highwaymen.

It is argued by some that its origins can be traced back to northern India and reached Europe travelling with caravans via Dalmatia, Yugoslavia where its name is derived from.

All about the Dalmatian

  • A mid-sized, well defined muscular dog
  • Dalmatian puppies are born with a plain white coat, their first spots start to appear within a week of birth
  • Their coat is usually fine, short and dense
  • They shed consistently
  • Have been known to be used as rescue dogs
  • Very active breed needing much exercise
  • They also have a big appetite
  • Easily trainable breeds and rarely aggressive
  • Litter size is fewer than 10
  • Weight: 34-71lbs (15-32kg)
  • Height: 18-26in (46-66cm)
  • Lifespan: 11.5 years

Dobermann

The breed was introduced by Louis Dobermann, a German Tax Inspector, between 1865 and 1870. His aim was to produce a perfect guard dog by crossing a variety of breeds.

The Dobermann became popular as a guard and patrol dog, being used in the front line by the German Army in World War 1. Since then it has been used by Police Forces all over the world.

All about the Dobermann

  • Originally developed around 1890 as a domestic dog
  • Intelligent, alert and loyal companion
  • Once commonly used as guard dogs and police dogs
  • Energetic and lively breed suitable for family life
  • Proud, watchful, determined and obedient temperament
  • Females are generally thinner than males
  • Dobermanns tend to have a square frame, it’s length should equal its height
  • Naturally, have a long tail but in the past has been docked
  • An excellent guard dog that protects its family
  • Weight: 30-50kg (60-100lbs)
  • Height: 63-69cm (25.5 – 27.5in)
  • Lifespan: 10-11 years

English Bulldog

Originally bred from a Mastiff-type dog introduced by the Phoenicians in the sixth century B.C. to attack bulls for the purpose of public entertainment. ‘Bull Baiting’ had been established in Britain for over 600 years before being made illegal in 1835.

Today’s Bulldog is of a very different temperament from its forebearers. It is gentle, affectionate and loyal to its owners but still has excellent guarding qualities. Recognized by The Kennel Club in 1873

All about the English Bulldog

  • Other Bulldog breeds include the American Bulldog and the French Bulldog
  • They have a wide head and shoulders
  • They also have a short muzzle, skin folds above their nose, hanging skin under their neck, drooping lips pointed teeth occasionally with an underbite.
  • Bulldogs do not need a lot of exercises
  • Known to have a good temperament
  • Some, particular males may not get along with other dogs, but most have a friendly nature.
  • Weight: 35-45lbs
  • Lifespan: 8-12 years

English Bull Terrie

Originated in Great Britain probably by crossing the Bulldog with the now-extinct White English Terrier, which produced a Terrier which was the ultimate fighting Dog.

Although now much more placid, it can have a tendency to snap and bite but is generally very protective of its owners.

All about the English Bull Terrier

  • Known for large egg shaped head and triangular eyes
  • Their body is full and round while their shoulders are muscular
  • The Bull Terrier is a fun, comical people loving dog
  • Known to be courageous, scrappy, fun-loving, active, clownish and fearless
  • Not recommended for households with small children or the elderly or infirm
  • A firm hand and assertive demeanor is needed for this breed
  • They have a strong prey instinct
  • Litter size is up to 12
  • Weight: 22-38kg (50-85lbs)
  • Height: 45-55cm (18-22in)
  • Lifespan: 9-12 years

English Springer Spaniel

The Spaniel was thought to be originally brought from Spain probably by Ceasar’s conquering armies.

Dr. Caius in 1570 uses the term “Springers” for the land spaniels and this is probably the first time that the actual name “Springer” was used.

After the discovery of gunpowder and the development of the gun for sporting use, there was a need for a Spaniel that could work in front of the hunter to flush out the game.

In the nineteenth century, the Boughey family of Shropshire developed a special strain of Spaniel through selective breeding that was to set the standard of the English Springer Spaniel that we know today.

Recognized by the Kennel Club in 1902

All about the English Springer Spaniel

  • Traditionally used for flushing and retrieving
  • Affectionate, excitable breed
  • Descended from the Norfolk or Shropshire Spaniels
  • Related closely with the Welsh Springer Spaniel and the English Cocker Spaniel
  • Commonly used as sniffer dogs
  • Medium sized compact dog
  • Long coat with feathering on legs and tail
  • They do not shed all year round
  • Their coat is traditionally either black or brown with white markings
  • Friendly, eager to please, quick to learn and willing to obey
  • Need a moderate amount of exercise
  • One of the fastest of the Spaniel breeds
  • They enjoy the company of children and other pets
  • They also enjoy the water
  • Weight: 35-55lbs (16-25kg)
  • Height: 17-20in (43-51cm)

German Shepherd

There are various theories regarding the origin of the German Shepherd: that the breed was the result of a crossing between the various breeds of sheepdog which existed in Germany. Although there is a debate about its ancestry we do know it was established in Germany between 1880 – 1890.

The breed being initially used as a farm dog. It’s intelligence, enthusiasm, and character eventually made it an outstanding dog to be used in times of war, as a rescue dog, police dog and an unbeatable guard dog.

Recognized by The Kennel Club in 1920.

All about the German Shepherd

  • A large dog originated in Germany
  • Also known as an Alsatian
  • A herding dog used for guarding sheep
  • Often used by Police and the Military because of their strength, intelligence, and obedience
  • Recognized by the UK Kennel Club in 1919
  • Domed head, long square muzzle, and black nose are its key features
  • They have a double-layered coat, a dense thick undercoat and an outer coat which sheds all year round
  • A highly active dog that is eager to have a purpose
  • They have a loyal nature and bond well with people known to them.
  • They bond with children familiar to them
  • Litter size 5-10
  • Weight: 22-40kg (49-88lbs)
  • Height: 53-65cm (21-26in)
  • Lifespan 9.7 years

Golden Retriever

There is a romantic story that the breed descended from a troupe of Russian Circus dogs. The story is unfounded although there were dogs resembling Golden Retrievers in Siberia.

Lord Tweedmouth in the nineteenth century was instrumental in introducing genes of the Flat-coated Retriever, Bloodhound and Water Spaniel resulting in a dog with an acute sense of smell and retrieving instinct. Due mainly to the enthusiasm and dedication of Mrs. W. M. Charlesworth, the Golden Retriever Club was formed in 1913.

Recognized by The Kennel Club as a separate breed in 1920.

All about the Golden Retriever

  • It is a medium sized gundog
  • Developed to retrieve waterfowl during hunting and shooting parties
  • They have a real love of water
  • Retrievers have a 2 layer coat, a dense undercoat that keeps them warm, their outer coat is water repellent and lies flat.
  • They need plenty of exercises
  • Their great intelligence means they can be used as guide dogs for the blind, hearing dogs for the deaf, hunting dogs, illegal drug detectors and search and rescue dogs.
  • A popular family dog because of their loyal and gentle temperament
  • Vary widely in color
  • Generally get along well with children
  • Require regular grooming
  • Weight: 60-75lbs (27-34kg)
  • Height: 21-24in (56-61cm)
  • Lifespan: 10-12 years

Greyhound

Some experts consider the Greyhounds origins from the Middle East. The Greyhound is well known to people who have never been to a dog show because of it’s racing background.

The show dog is larger than it’s racing cousin and the coursing version if anything is slightly smaller which gives it more maneuverability.

They come in a variety of colors both with and without white but consideration must be given to their natural instinct to chase and kill when there are other small animals around. With humans, they are gentle and affectionate and make a great companion in a home where the family has time and energy to give the dog adequate exercise.

All about the Greyhound

  • Primarily bred for coursing game and racing
  • A gentle and intelligent breed
  • They have long powerful legs, a deep chest, a flexible spine and a slim build
  • They can run up to speeds of 70km or 43 miles per hour
  • Greyhounds have very short hair that is easy to maintain
  • There are up to 30 recognized color forms
  • Not known to be an aggressive dog
  • Puppies can be hyperactive and destructive if their energy is not given an outlet
  • They are quiet, gentle pets that are loyal to their owners
  • Can do well in a family environment with children
  • Generally do not bark much
  • Litter size up to 12 pups
  • Weight: 27-40kg (60-88lbs)
  • Height: 68-76cm (27-30in)
  • Lifespan: 10-14 years

Jack Russell

The breed was developed in the nineteenth century by “Parson Jack Russell”, a Devon clergyman, who also gave it his name. Physically it’s appearance varies widely. Like many small terriers is has been used as an exterminator of vermin, and for small game hunting.

Recognized by The Kennel Club in 1989

All about the Jack Russell

  • This breed was originated for fox hunting
  • An energetic breed needing a high level of exercise
  • Sturdy, tough and tenacious breed
  • Predominantly white in color with black and/or tan markings
  • Used for hunting groundhog, badger and foxes
  • Extremely intelligent, athletic, fearless and vocal dogs
  • Can be friendly with children but should be very careful
  • Weight: 14-18lbs (6.4-8.2kg)
  • Height: 8-15in (20-38cm)
  • Lifespan: 13-16 years

Labrador

The Labrador originally came from the St. John’s area of Newfoundland and not Labrador as the name suggests. They were trained by local fishermen to carry nets to shore ladened with fish.

The first Labrador arrived in Britain in the early nineteenth century via the fishing boats which made regular trips from Newfoundland.

The sporting fraternity was impressed by their great retrieving instincts. These early arrivals were probably bred with our own Retriever lines to produce the modern Labrador Retriever that we know today.

Recognized by The Kennel Club in 1903.

All about the Labrador

  • The Labrador is one of the several Retrievers of the gun dog family
  • Originally used for retrieving fishing nets
  • Athletic dogs that love to swim, play catch and retrieve games
  • Good with young children and the elderly for protection
  • Labradors are a medium sized dog
  • They have long noses, thin heads, long legs and a light frame
  • Tend to shed their hair annually
  • Labrador hair is usually short and straight
  • They have a kind, pleasant, outgoing and tractable nature
  • Great sense of smell
  • Excellent family dog
  • Litter size: 5-10 pups
  • Weight: 27-40kg (60-88lbs)
  • Height: 54-63cm (21-25in)
  • Lifespan: 10-13 years

Pomeranian

Originated in Germany by breeding from small varieties of the German Spitz family. Queen Victoria increased the popularity of the breed when she added them to her kennels.

The Pomeranian having been bred from larger dogs still acts like a ‘Big Dog’. It will challenge much larger dogs and constantly bark if disturbed making it a superb guard dog and companion.

All about the Pomeranian

  • The Pomeranian is classed as a toy dog due to its size
  • Usual nicknames are a Pom or a Pom Pom
  • They have been made popular by several royal owners since the 17th Century
  • Sturdy, health dog
  • A highly plumed tail that is set high & flat
  • Comes in a wide variety of colors
  • Thick double coat that requires grooming frequently
  • Typically very friendly and lively breed
  • Love to be around their owners and are very protective
  • Intelligent dogs that respond well to training
  • Weight: 1.9 – 3.5kg (4.2 – 7.7lbs)
  • Height: 5-11in (13-28cm)
  • Lifespan: 12-16 years

Poodle

This breed’s origins are somewhat vague: both the French and Germans stake their claim to it.

One thing is clear it has been known throughout Europe for some 400 years. Originally used as a water Retriever and later became a very popular circus dog.

Its combination of distinctive looks has made it one of the world’s best-loved dogs.

Recognized by The Kennel Club  in 1875

All about the Poodle

  • The poodle is found in 3 different types – Toy, Miniature, and Standard
  • Bred as a type of water dog
  • An active, intelligent and elegant dog
  • Their coat is naturally harsh in texture and dense throughout
  • Available in a variety of colors
  • Highly energetic breed
  • Height:

⊕ Standard – Over 38cm (15in)

⊕ Miniature – 28-38cm (11-15in)

⊕ Toy – Under 28cm (11in)

  •  Lifespan:

⊕ Standard – 11.5 – 12 years

⊕ Miniature and Toy – 14 – 14.5 years

Pug

The origins of the Pug are subject to speculation, but it seems likely to originate in the Far East possibly brought to Europe by Dutch traders.

Possibly descended from a short haired relative of the Pekingese, although there are claims that it is a result of crossing small Bulldogs. Another theory is, it is a miniature form of a rare French Mastiff called the Dogue De Bordeaux.

The Pug was a favorite breed of Sir Winston Churchill and the artist Hogarth.

A robust breed, very intelligent and loving with a great personality who talks with his eyes. He doesn’t require much grooming or exercise, but does require company.

All about the Pug

  • A very small dog that is generally classed as a toy dog
  • Wrinkly, short-muzzled face and a curly tail
  • Can come in a variety of colors
  • Pugs have Chinese origins
  • Has a remarkable personality despite their small size
  • A square compact body with well-developed muscles
  • Can generally have an underbite
  • Strong willed dog but rarely aggressive
  • Suitable for families with children

Rhodesian Ridgeback 

All about the Rhodesian Ridgeback

  • Originally thought to have been developed in Southern Africa
  • Has a ridge of hair running in the opposite direction to the rest of its coat
  • Typically muscular with red wheaten coat which should be short dense and glossy
  • They have a strong smooth tail
  • They are a loyal intelligent breed
  • Require positive, reward based training, good socialization, and consistency
  • Strong willed, intelligent, do have a penchant for mischief though they are loving
  • Height: 24-27 in (61-69cm)
  • Weight: 70-85lbs (32-39kg)
  • Lifespan: 10-10.5 years

Rough Collie

The Rough Collie originated in the dark colored herding dogs of Scotland and takes its name from the local black sheep known as Colley.

These dogs worked for centuries herding sheep and owe much of their popularity to Queen Victoria who saw the breed when visiting Balmoral in 1860. She took some Collies back to Windsor Castle and by 1880 the breed had become a highly popular show dog.

All about the Rough Collie

  • Long coated breed of medium to large sized dog
  • Originally used for herding in Scotland
  • Now well known because of the Lassie novel, movies, and television shows
  • Generally come in colors of sable, merles and tri-colours
  • Their head is usually light in relation to the rest of its body
  • The muzzle is well rounded
  • Generally good with children and other animals
  • Can be fairly vocal
  • Very loyal dog
  • Needs grooming frequently
  • Weight: 15.8 – 34kg (35-75lbs)
  • Height: 50-8 – 66cm (21-26in)
  • Lifespan: 12-15 years

Samoyed

This breed is one of the most handsome and oldest members of the Spitz family. Its name came from the Siberian tribe which it worked for as a herding and sled dog.

Originally it was a multi-coloured dog but eventually, the white coat became dominant. The Samoyed has always bred true throughout the ages.

Introduced into Britain around the turn of the century by fur traders.

All about the Samoyed

  • Bred for herding and to pull sleds
  • Eyes usually black or brown and are almond shaped
  • Their tail is generally carried curled over their back
  • They have a dense double layered coat – top coat is long and coarse, under coat is dense, soft and short
  • They shed heavily once or twice a year
  • Not an aggressive dog but do have a tendency to bark
  • Excellent companion for small children or other dogs
  • Weight: 17-30kg (37-66lbs)
  • Height: 46-60cm (18-23.5in)
  • Lifespan: 12-15 years

Schnauzer

The breed originated in the sheep and cattle areas of southern Germany. The standard Schnauzer is the forerunner of the three Schnauzer types and is recognizable in 15th-century paintings.

The original Schnauzer was probably a combination of crossing a poodle type dog and the gray Spitz with German Pinscher stock.

All about the Schnauzer

  • Originated in Germany
  • Don’t have a typical Terrier temperament
  • There are 3 type of Schnauzer – Giant, Standard and Miniature
  • Originally bred as a rat catcher, yard dog or guard dog
  • Have high energy levels and are very intelligent
  • Friendly and loving dogs that get along with children
  • Protective and energetic dogs
  • Early training and daily exercise needed
  • The Schnauzer beard and leg hair should be groomed regularly
  • Sheds less often than most dogs
  • Weight:
    • Miniature – 14-20lbs (6.4 – 9.1kg)
    • Standard – 30-45lbs (14 – 20kg)
    • Giant – 55-80lbs (25 – 36kg)
  • Height:
    • Miniature – 1ft (30cm)
    • Standard – 1.5ft (46cm)
    • Giant – 2ft (61cm)

Yorkshire Terrier

Although the ancestry of the breed only goes back just over 100 years, originally they were much larger than the dog we know today.  In the late nineteenth century, the breed was virtually unknown outside the West Yorkshire area.

The Breed we know today was probably through selective breeding with Skye Terriers, brought to the area by migrant Scottish workers in the Yorkshire woolen mills. Maltese and Dandie Dinmont Terriers may also have contributed to their blood line. The dog has been miniaturized over the years.

Recognized by The Kennel Club in 1898.

All about the Yorkshire Terrier

  • Originated in Yorkshire to catch rats in mills
  • They are nicknamed the Yorkie
  • Traditionally has a fine, straight and silky coat
  • Active loves attention and is overprotective
  • Generally, they are harder to train than other breeds
  • Traditionally their tails were docked, but this is now illegal in many countries
  • Weight: 3-7lbs (1.4 – 3.2kg)
  • Lifespan: 13-16 years

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Scottish Terrier

A very feisty and sturdy Scottish breed from the Highlands of Scotland. The “Scottie” was also known as the Aberdeen Terrier a reflection of its old and mixed Celtic background. The dog that we know today was developed towards the end of the nineteenth century.

This breed is always thought of as black but can also have a creamy brown or brindle coat.

His image is of a dour Scot but he is affectionate and cheerful and is happy to curl up in his favorite chair and will rouse himself at the slightest sound.

All about the Scottish Terrier

  • Also known as an Aberdeen Terrier or Scottie
  • Originated in Scotland
  • They have a 2 layer coat. Wiry outer coat and a soft dense undercoat
  • Well known for being a playing piece in Monopoly
  • A territorial, feisty and loyal dog
  • Muscular body and neck, short legs, sturdy build with a long head in proportion to their size.
  • Independent, self-assured, playful and intelligent
  • Prone to digging
  • Litter size 1-6 pups
  • Weight: 8-10kg (18-22lbs)
  • Height: 25cm (9.8 in)
  • Lifespan: 11-13 years

Shih-Tzu

Although secrecy surrounds the origin of the Shih-Tzu, Chinese paintings, and carvings dating back to the 7th-century show dogs similar to the modern breed.

Whether the Shih-Tzu originated in Tibet or China, centuries of careful breeding by the Chinese have created the breed we know today.

Shih-Tzu means “Lion Dog” in Chinese. Introduced into England in 1930 and recognized by The Kennel Club in 1946

All about the Shih-Tzu

  • Originated in China
  • Small dog with dark eyes and a short muzzle
  • Have a soft and long double layered coat
  • Ears are covered with fur
  • Coat can be a variety of colors
  • Requires daily grooming
  • Litter size: 2-8 pups
  • Weight: 4 – 7.25kg (8.8 – 16lbs)
  • Height: 20-28cm (7.9 – 11in)
  • Lifespan: 6 – 20 years

Siberian Husky

All about the Siberian Husky

  • Medium sized dog of the Working breed category with a dense coat
  • Recognized by thickly furred double coat, sickle tail, erect triangular ears and distinctive markings
  • An active, resilient and energetic breed
  • Has been known to pull 2 people and travel up to speeds of 40mph
  • Most Husky’s have white markings on paws, face, and tail
  • They tend to have a wolf-like appearance
  • Their eyes should be blue, amber or brown
  • They often curl up with their tail over their nose for added warmth
  • Tend to howl rather than bark
  • Litter size: 6-8 pups
  • Weight: 35-75lbs (16-34kg)
  • Height: 20-23.5in (51-60cm)
  • Lifespan: 12-15years

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

The origins of the Stafford are somewhat indeterminate as the many books written by informed sources will illustrate.

Certainly, theory points to it being a direct descendant of the Bulldog of the 1800’s. The principal ancestors being the Old English Bulldog of the nineteenth century and the Old English Terrier long since extinct.

Without a doubt one has to go well back into the nineteenth century to come across the unsavory aspects of all Bull breeds but as we have developed into something more civilized than our antecedents so have most amalgams of Bull and Terrier.

All about the Staffordshire Bull Terrier

  • Medium sized English breed of dog
  • Short, close coat that can vary in many colors including Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any one of these colors with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white
  • Muscular and courageous, descended from a history of dogfighting ancestors
  • Broadhead, dark round eyes, and a wide mouth
  • indomitable courage, high intelligence, and tenacity
  • Usually affectionate towards humans
  • Weight: 12-18kg (26-40lbs)
  • Height: 38-42cm (15-17in)

Weimaraner

All about the Weimaraner

  • Originally bred as a hunting dog used by royalty for hunting large game
  • They have webbed toes making them great water dogs
  • They are elegant and athletic in appearance
  • Traditionally had docked tails but this is now illegal in several countries
  • They have a low maintenance short smooth coat
  • Colors range from charcoal-blue to mouse-grey to silver-grey
  • This breed needs extensive exercise
  • They have been known to steal food from the table
  • Generally good with children but not appropriate for very young children
  • Unless trained, they will frequently chase and try to kill small animals
  • Weight: 25-37kg (55-82lbs)
  • Height: 58-68cm (23-27in)

West Highland White Terrier

The West Highland White Terrier was developed in the mid-nineteenth century from the white puppies in the litters of Cairn Terriers, Scottish Terriers, and Skye Terriers. Through selective breeding in the Agryll region of Scotland the characteristics of the breed we know today was formed.

Originally, like so many terriers it was used for hunting of small game.

Registered by The Kennel Club in 1904

All about the West Highland White Terrier

  • A Scottish breed of dog commonly known as Westie
  • Used in TV and Films including ‘Hamish Macbeth’ and in the ‘Cesar Dog Food’ advert
  • Has a double coat which makes it’s face appear round
  • Can be good with children but will not tolerate rough handling
  • Have a very high prey drive
  • Small pointed ears, longer legs than other Terrier breeds
  • Soft dense undercoat and a rough outer coat
  • Can be food and toy possessive
  • Litter size: 3-5 pups
  • Weight: 15-20lbs (6.8 – 9.1kg)
  • Height: 10-11in (25-28cm)
  • Lifespan: 12-16 years

Whippet

All about the Whippet

  • Medium sized dog
  • They come in a wide variety of colors and markings
  • Amongst the fastest breeds of dog running 200 yards in under 12 seconds
  • Generally quiet, gentle, loyal and friendly dogs
  • They can jump up at strangers or other animals and they are protective of their owners
  • Not adapted for outdoor living due to their coat
  • Require regular exercise
  • Litter size: 6-8 pups
  • Weight: 15-30lbs (6.8 – 14kg)
  • Height: 17.5 – 22.5in (44-57cm)
  • Lifespan: 12-15 years

Bichon Frise

Although thought to be a French breed, the Bichon Frise which means ‘Curly White Lap Dog’, possibly originated in the Canary Islands and was brought to mainland Europe by travelers in the fourteenth century.

This extrovert, intelligent and confident breed became a pampered pet of the European Courts during the Renaissance. Eventually declining in popularity and becoming an easily trained street or circus dog.

The official standard for the breed was drawn up in 1933 and since has enjoyed a resurgence in popularity.

All about the Bichon Frise

  • The French meaning is Curly White Lap Dog
  • It is descended from the Barbet or Water Spaniel and a Standard Poodle
  • All Bichon categories were originated in Mediterranean areas
  • Although not considered a Retriever or Water dog they still enjoy playing in water and retrieving
  • Francisco De Goya, a famous Artist, included Bichon Frise’ in several of his works
  • They have a round skull, and their tail is groomed to be long and curly
  • They have a double-layered coat, the undercoat is silky and dense while the outer coat is curly and coarse
  • In a show ring, a white coat is preferred
  • They have a medium to high intelligence
  • Their temperament is merry, cheerful, gentle mannered, sensitive, playful and affectionate
  • Known to get along well with children and other animals
  • Weight: 5-10kg (10-20lbs)
  • Height: 23.30cm (9-12in)
  • Lifespan 12-13 years

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The Comprehensive Overview on Different Dog Breeds
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The Comprehensive Overview on Different Dog Breeds
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It is likely that the name "Border" originates from the places where sheepdogs were most used, i.e. the Welsh and Scottish Borders with England. The word "Collie" was first used in 1617 when the habits of a Scottish bishop were likened to those of a "Collie Dog"
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Pet Dog Planet
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