Which Dog is Strongest?

As you’ve navigated your way to this page, it’s clear you’re wrestling with the burning question, “Which dog is strongest?” You are one of many researching this topic. Across backyards, dog parks, and the vast expanses of the internet, this question sparks debates among enthusiasts and experts alike.

When it comes to sheer strength, the Kangal dog stands out as the undisputed champion among dog breeds. Originating from Turkey, the Kangal is not only physically strong but also has the strongest protective instincts and the most extended endurance.
The Kangal is powerful, and its intelligence and unwavering loyalty make it more than just a guardian of livestock. It is also a loyal friend and a symbol of strength. These extraordinary attributes distinguish the breed, establishing the Kangal as the true champion of strength among dogs.

We compared the Kangal to five other dog breeds that are known for being strong. The results are shown in the table below, which should help you understand how strong the Kangal is.

BreedPhysical StrengthBite Force (PSI)EnduranceTemperament
KangalExceptionally muscular, up to 190 lbsOver 700High, suited for guarding livestock over large areasLoyal, protective without undue aggression, calm
English MastiffMassive size, can exceed 250 lbsAbout 550Moderate, limited by sizeGentle, protective, docile, friendly
Saint BernardLarge and powerful, suited for heavy-dutyAround 195Good, especially in cold climatesFriendly, patient, loyal, excellent family pets
RottweilerMuscular and robust, up to 135 lbsAround 328High, originally bred for herding and guardingConfident, fearless, loyal, natural guarding instinct
American Pit Bull TerrierStrong and athletic, 30-85 lbsAround 235High energy and stamina, excels in agilityEnergetic, loyal, affectionate with family, requires training to manage aggression
Caucasian ShepherdIncredibly strong, some males exceed 200 lbs550-700 Excellent, bred for guarding in rugged terrainsStrong-willed, protective, can be aggressive, needs experienced handling

Kangal Dog Breed Information

The Kangal is a big, strong breed of dog that comes from Turkey. It is also called the Kangal Shepherd Dog. The Kangal has a big reputation as both a guardian and a friend because of its strength, protective traits, and gentle personality. The black mask, muscular body, and short, dense hair that is usually fawn to light brown make this breed stand out. This breed is both physically strong and loyal and brave.

An Overview of the Kangal Dog

  • Physical Strength: The Kangal boasts a muscular and robust body, capable of reaching up to 190 pounds. Its size and muscle mass are indicative of its sheer physical power.
  • Bite Force: One of the highest among dog breeds, exceeding 700 PSI, which underscores its capability as a protector.
  • Endurance: Exceptional endurance, bred for guarding livestock over extensive terrains, capable of working in various climates without showing signs of fatigue.
  • Temperament: Known for its loyalty and protective nature, the Kangal is calm and controlled, showing aggression only when necessary.

Origins and History

The Kangal is named after the Kangal District in Sivas Province, Turkey, where it is believed to have originated. The Kangal’s role in its native land has been crucial for the protection of livestock. Shepherds have historically used it to protect sheep from powerful predators like wolves and bears. As a guardian, it does a great job because it is very strong, has good hearing, and can protect the flock on its own.

Physical Characteristics

Kangals are among the largest dog breeds, with males typically standing between 30 to 32 inches at the shoulder and weighing between 110 to 145 pounds, although some can be larger. Their physical strength is matched by a formidable bite force, which is one of the highest among canines, exceeding 700 pounds per square inch (PSI). This enables them to protect livestock effectively against predators.

Temperament and Behavior

Despite their intimidating size and strength, Kangals are known for their calm and controlled demeanor. They are fiercely loyal to their families, protective of their charges, and gentle with children, making them excellent family pets. However, their protective nature means they can be wary of strangers and require socialization from a young age. The Kangal’s intelligence and independence also mean they respond best to experienced handlers who can provide firm, consistent training and sufficient mental and physical exercise.

Care and Lifestyle

Due to their size and energy levels, Kangals are best suited to homes with plenty of space where they can roam and exercise. They are relatively low-maintenance in terms of grooming, thanks to their short coat, but they do shed, especially during the change of seasons. As working dogs, they thrive on having a job to do, whether it’s guarding livestock or being an active companion for hikes and outdoor activities.


Kangals are generally healthy and robust dogs, with a lifespan of around 12 to 15 years. Like all large breeds, they can be prone to hip dysplasia, and because of their deep chests, they may also be at risk for gastric torsion (bloat). Regular veterinary check-ups, a healthy diet, and adequate exercise can help keep them in good shape.

Comparison with Other Strong Breeds

1. English Mastiff

  • Physical Strength: They are larger than the Kangal, with some individuals weighing over 250 pounds, making them one of the heaviest breeds.
  • Bite Force: Around 550 PSI, which is significant but not as high as the Kangal’s.
  • Endurance: Their massive size can be a limitation in terms of endurance compared to more agile breeds.
  • Temperament: Gentle giants, known for their protective but friendly and docile nature.

2. Rottweiler

  • Physical Strength: Compact and muscular, Rottweilers are powerful but not as heavy, with males typically up to 135 pounds.
  • Bite Force: High, around 328 PSI, showcasing their capability as effective guard dogs.
  • Endurance: Originally bred for herding and guarding, they possess significant stamina and agility.
  • Temperament: Fearless, loyal, and with a natural guarding instinct, they can be formidable protectors.

3. American Pit Bull Terrier

  • Physical Strength: Strong and athletic, though not the largest, their strength-to-size ratio is impressive.
  • Bite Force: Around 235 PSI, remarkable for their size.
  • Endurance: With high energy levels and stamina, they excel in agility and strength competitions.
  • Temperament: Energetic and loyal, known for their affection towards families but can be aggressive without proper training.

Read more: Muscular Pitbull | Turn Your Pitbull into a Muscular Marvel

4. Saint Bernard

  • Physical Strength: Large and powerful, capable of heavy-duty tasks.
  • Bite Force: Lower than the Kangal and other breeds mentioned, with a focus more on rescue and work capabilities.
  • Endurance: Bred for rescue, they have good endurance but are better suited to cold climates.
  • Temperament: Extremely friendly and patient, excellent family pets.

5. Caucasian Shepherd

  • Physical Strength: Comparable to the Kangal in terms of size and strength, with some males exceeding 200 pounds.
  • Bite Force: Similar to the Kangal, with a powerful bite force used for protecting livestock from predators.
  • Endurance: Bred for guarding in rugged terrains, they showcase excellent endurance and resilience.
  • Temperament: Independent and protective, sometimes to the point of aggression; requires experienced handling.

Which Dogs Have the Strongest Bite?

Dogs like the American Bandogge, Cane Corso, and the Dogue de Bordeaux are known for having the strongest bites. The Kangal has the strongest bite, with a force that will blow your mind. Not only are these breeds powerful, but they also have a unique mix of loyalty, courage, and usefulness that makes them interesting and worthy of respect in the dog world.

Here’s a concise list highlighting some of the dog breeds known for having the strongest bites, measured in pounds per square inch (PSI):

  • Kangal: Approximately 700 PSI, renowned for its guarding abilities.
  • American Bandogge: A formidable 730 PSI, a blend of strength and loyalty.
  • Cane Corso: Roughly 700 PSI, an embodiment of power and grace.
  • Dogue de Bordeaux (French Mastiff): Around 556 PSI, known for its massive head and powerful jaws.
  • Tosa Inu: Estimated 556 PSI, a fearless and dedicated breed.
  • English Mastiff: About 552 PSI, combining massive size with gentle temperament.
  • Dogo Argentino: Approximately 500 PSI, a fearless hunter and loyal protector.
  • German Shepherd: Around 238 PSI, versatile, intelligent, and courageous.
  • Pit Bull: Around 235 PSI, strong, resilient, and affectionate with their families.
  • Rottweiler: Approximately 328 PSI, a blend of strength, endurance, and devotion.

These figures offer a glimpse into the remarkable diversity and capability within the dog world, where strength is matched by loyalty, courage, and an unwavering bond with humans.


The Kangal stands out not just for its physical strength and bite force but also for its balanced temperament and endurance, making it an exceptional breed for protection and companionship. While other breeds may excel in specific areas such as size (English Mastiff) or agility (Rottweiler), the Kangal offers a remarkable blend of attributes that cater to both protective duties and the role of a loyal companion.

Read More:

Brenda Thompson

Brenda Thompson is an expert in dog behavior with over a decade of experience, and she is also passionate about working with cats and birds. In addition to contributing pet content to petdogplanet.com, she is a Certified Dog Behavior Consultant. Brenda received her Bachelor of Science in Biological and Biomedical Sciences & Philosophy from Colorado College in 2014. She has taken classes in writing and remote animal behavior consulting, as well as courses on how to manage aggressive dogs and litter box issues. In 2016, she obtained her dog behavior consulting certification and joined the International Association of Animal Behavior Consultants.

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One Comment

  1. Quite an interesting read. I had no idea our saint bernard is listed as one of the strongest breeds. We had one we couldn’t keep in the yard. He would climb our gate and get out of the yard. He was such a big dog he would sprain his front shoulders when he hit the ground. We had to medicate him to relieve his pain. We had to eventually find a new home for him on an acrerage. He kept running away trying to get back home to us. His new family didn’t give up on him and found a way to keep him there until he got used to his new surroundings and eventually stayed put.

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