Northern sled dogs – man’s best friend Nordic Sledge Dogs – Siberian Husky, Alaskan Malamute, Samoyed, Greenland sled dog. These cute, fuzzy dog with pointed ears and tails bagel is often confused with the Huskies. In fact, overall they only north and tail of a bagel. Laika – a hunting dog, and this ocharovashek, as the name implies, the northern nations harnessed to a sled earlier than deer. At the Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City (USA), part of the way the Olympic flame was carried on a dog sled.
Today, these dogs are often the victims of their appearance – fluffy puppies bought as living toys. But these tough breed – smart, brave, dedicated to their work and the owner, such a list of feats can boast except that the German Shepherd. So take action, the meaning of which sled dogs do not understand, they will not.
Historians believe that dog sledding is much older than reindeer herding. The earliest find a parking space with hunting remnants of sleds, which were driven by dogs, was discovered in the late 90-ies of the last century, one of the New Siberian Islands, and is described by archaeologists in St. Petersburg. Carbon analysis method finds age showed 7.8 – 8000 years.
Chukchi sled dogs is a working breed, unpretentious food, and the content, work well in a team in the harsh conditions of Chukotka. But, unfortunately, in the Soviet Union, this breed has not received its development, because today is not officially recognized canine associations and federations. Because of the official attitude to it as just the first name of the Siberian Husky. During the “gold rush” a few Chukchi sled sleds were taken from Chukotka and Kolyma in America. In 1909, they were first put on the run. Its small size relative to other sled dogs they brought ridicule. But when the team came third, and then the fault of the musher, the opinion of them has changed dramatically.
A young man by the name of Fox Maul Ramsey, a Scottish athlete, and gold miners, was so pleased with the quality of those running small dogs that he chartered a ship and went to Siberia for a new party Huskies. The following summer, he bought about 20 Siberian Huskies have a settler Markov, who lived on the Anadyr. Ramsey brought the dogs to Nome with two mushers-Chukchi. Siberian Huskies have been officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1930, and the first breed standards were issued in 1932. In 1938, America was founded by the Siberian Husky Club.
Siberian Husky became the Alaska commercial breeds in the formation of which have been used and other breeds. For example, the standard allows for the Siberian Husky blue eyes and raznoglazie (“magpie eye”). For the Chukchi sled, both signs are disqualifying defects. Traditionally Chukchi destroyed dogs with blue eyes, believing that they have the worst wool on, worse work, especially on fast ice (kind of ice between the islands in the Arctic) during the hunt for seals, and eat too much.
Russian zoologists say Chukchi Sled Dog early to dismiss. Dogs of this breed are still living in the Far North, in fulfilling its main objective – to help people in all things have retained their original appearance, quality of work, attitude to the owner and unpretentiousness. Husky also turned into an easy breed to participate in sports or races in companion for lovers of tourism.
There are several theories of the origin of the name. The term “husky” was originally meant themselves Eskimos, they were called the Hudson Bay Company employees. It took place from the distorted “Eski”, as the jargon called Eskimos. Another version based on the modern language. «Husky», translated to English, means “hoarse.” The dog does not bark, and growl. It is for these sound modulation breed gets its name.
And if Husky is such a complex and intricate story with geographical origin, and the name, the Alaskan Malamute Alaskan its name to the tribe malemut, selivshemusya on the banks of the Strait of Kotzebue in the western part of Alaska: the word “malamute” comes from the name of the tribe (“mala” ) and the word “village” (“mut” – a dialect malemutov).
Gold fever that gripped Alaska in the second decade of the last century, has provided a great demand for Malamutes. Prospectors flocked to the peninsula, many of them died on the way. Only those who are used as a transport dog teams, to achieve success. Wrote about it in his novels Jack London. For a good dog to pay $ 500.
Gold miners who wanted to win and luck, with desperate energy looking for new and new versions of crosses of different dogs (including Malamutes) to get a quick harness, therefore, the period from 1909 to 1918 is considered a time of decline of this species.
Gradually passion for rich booty was replaced thirst purely sporting success, and Americans interested in sledding races. It saved the breed – for competitions was needed not a random pack of mestizos and pure-bred animals. In 1926 he began professional breeding malamutes.
Arctic tourism – this is the main direction in which the native sled dogs can find their true purpose in the XXI century. Sled dogs used in his travels, traveler ekstrimal Japanese Naomi Uemura, became closely acquainted with them Russian traveler Fyodor Grooms. These fans to travel alone company sled dogs proved invaluable.