Destructive Chewing in Dogs: Causes, Prevention & Training Tips

Destructive chewing is a common behavior problem in dogs, especially during their teething stage or when they are bored. It can result in damaged furniture, shoes, and other household items. Understanding the reasons behind destructive chewing and implementing appropriate strategies can help redirect this behavior.

Why Dogs Chew Destructively

Dogs have an innate need to chew, which serves various purposes, including teething relief, jaw exercise, and mental stimulation. However, destructive chewing occurs when dogs chew on inappropriate objects, causing damage. Some common reasons for destructive chewing include:

Teething: Puppies go through a teething phase where their baby teeth are replaced by adult teeth. During this time, puppies may experience discomfort in their gums, leading them to chew excessively. Chewing helps alleviate the pain and promotes the emergence of new teeth. Providing appropriate chew toys specifically designed for teething puppies can redirect their chewing behavior to more suitable objects.

Boredom and Lack of Stimulation: Dogs are intelligent animals that require mental and physical stimulation to stay content. When dogs are bored or under-stimulated, they may resort to destructive chewing as a form of entertainment or to alleviate their frustration. Training your dog will create some level of control from destructive chewing and board and train dog training is effective. Providing a variety of engaging toys, puzzle feeders, and interactive play sessions can help redirect their chewing behavior to appropriate outlets.

Separation Anxiety: Dogs with separation anxiety experience distress when left alone. Chewing can be a coping mechanism for them to alleviate anxiety and stress. When owners are away, dogs may engage in destructive chewing as a way to self-soothe. Addressing separation anxiety through behavior modification techniques, gradual desensitization to being alone, and providing comforting items, such as chew toys or blankets, can help reduce destructive chewing caused by this anxiety.

Attention-Seeking Behavior: Some dogs learn that chewing on objects gets attention from their owners, even if it’s negative attention. They may resort to destructive chewing as a way to seek interaction or response. It is important to avoid inadvertently reinforcing this behavior by not giving attention when the dog engages in destructive chewing. Instead, focus on providing positive attention and rewards when the dog engages in appropriate chewing behavior with their toys.

Insufficient Exercise: Dogs require regular physical exercise to expend energy and stay mentally and physically balanced. When dogs do not receive adequate exercise, they may have excess energy that needs an outlet. Destructive chewing can be a result of this pent-up energy. Increasing the frequency and intensity of exercise sessions, such as walks, runs, or playtime, can help minimize destructive chewing caused by excess energy.

In summary, dogs may engage in destructive chewing due to teething, boredom and lack of stimulation, separation anxiety, attention-seeking behavior, or insufficient exercise. By identifying the underlying cause and implementing appropriate strategies, such as providing suitable chew toys, addressing separation anxiety, and ensuring sufficient exercise and mental stimulation, owners can help redirect their dog’s chewing behavior to more appropriate outlets and promote a harmonious environment for both the dog and the household.

Preventing Destructive Chewing Behaviors

Preventing destructive chewing behaviors in dogs requires a proactive approach that involves a combination of management, redirection, and providing appropriate chew toys. Here are some strategies to help curb destructive chewing:

Puppy-Proof Your Home:

Before bringing a new dog or puppy into your home, ensure that you remove any valuable or potentially dangerous items from their reach. Keep shoes, clothing, electrical cords, and other tempting objects out of their access. Use baby gates or crate training to confine them to safe areas when you’re unable to supervise them directly.

Provide Appropriate Chew Toys:

Dogs have a natural need to chew, so it’s important to provide them with appropriate outlets for this behavior. Offer a variety of chew toys specifically designed for dogs, such as rubber or nylon toys, that are safe and durable. Avoid giving them old shoes or household items, as this may confuse them about what is acceptable to chew on.

Supervision and Redirection:

Keep a close eye on your dog, especially during the initial stages of training, to catch any inappropriate chewing behavior. If you see them chewing on something they shouldn’t, calmly redirect their attention to an appropriate chew toy. Encourage them to chew on the toy instead and reward them when they engage with it.

Environmental Enrichment:

Dogs often resort to destructive chewing out of boredom or lack of mental stimulation. Ensure that your dog receives sufficient physical exercise through daily walks, playtime, and interactive games. Additionally, provide mental stimulation through puzzle toys, treat-dispensing toys, or food-stuffed toys, which can keep them occupied and mentally engaged.

Positive Reinforcement:

Positive reinforcement is an effective training technique for promoting desired behaviors. Whenever you catch your dog chewing on an appropriate toy, provide praise, affection, or small treats to reinforce the behavior. This helps your dog understand that chewing on the designated toys is rewarding and encourages them to continue this positive habit.

Consistency and Training:

Consistency is key in preventing destructive chewing. Establish clear boundaries and consistently redirect your dog’s chewing behavior to appropriate toys. If they repeatedly chew on inappropriate items, consider using bitter-tasting deterrent sprays on those objects to discourage chewing. Additionally, obedience training can help your dog understand commands like “leave it” or “drop it,” which can be useful in preventing destructive chewing incidents.

Remember, patience and consistency are crucial when preventing destructive chewing. It may take time for your dog to learn appropriate chewing habits, so remain persistent and provide ongoing guidance. If you encounter difficulties or your dog’s chewing behavior persists, consider seeking professional guidance from a certified dog trainer or animal behaviorist to develop a tailored plan for your dog’s specific needs.

By implementing these strategies, you can redirect your dog’s chewing behavior and prevent damage to your belongings.

Here are 10 frequently asked questions (FAQs) and answers related to the behavioral problem of dogs that destructively chew:

  1. Why does my dog engage in destructive chewing?

Destructive chewing in dogs can occur due to various reasons, including teething, boredom, anxiety, lack of exercise, or seeking attention.

  1. How can I prevent my dog from destructively chewing?

Preventing destructive chewing involves a combination of management, redirection, and providing appropriate chew toys. Puppy-proofing your home, supervising your dog, providing mental and physical stimulation, and offering suitable chew toys can help prevent destructive chewing behaviors.

  1. Is destructive chewing a sign of a behavioral issue?

Destructive chewing can be a symptom of underlying behavioral issues, such as separation anxiety or boredom. It is essential to assess the root cause of the behavior and address it appropriately.

  1. Can crate training help prevent destructive chewing?

Yes, crate training can be an effective tool in preventing destructive chewing. When properly introduced, a crate can provide a safe and comfortable space for your dog, reducing the chances of them engaging in destructive chewing when unsupervised.

  1. How can I redirect my dog’s chewing behavior to appropriate items?

Redirecting your dog’s chewing behavior involves providing them with appropriate chew toys and actively encouraging them to chew on those items. When you catch your dog chewing on something inappropriate, calmly redirect their attention to an acceptable toy and reward them for chewing on it.

  1. Should I punish my dog for destructive chewing?

It is not recommended to punish your dog for destructive chewing. Punishment can lead to fear, anxiety, or confusion, which may worsen the behavior. Instead, focus on positive reinforcement, redirecting their behavior, and providing appropriate alternatives.

  1. Can separation anxiety contribute to destructive chewing?

Yes, separation anxiety can be a common trigger for destructive chewing. Dogs with separation anxiety may engage in destructive behaviors, including chewing, as a way to cope with their anxiety when left alone.

  1. What can I do to address destructive chewing caused by separation anxiety?

Addressing destructive chewing caused by separation anxiety involves gradually desensitizing your dog to being alone, providing comforting items such as puzzle toys or treat-filled Kongs, and seeking guidance from a professional trainer or animal behaviorist for behavior modification techniques.

  1. Are there any specific chew toys recommended for dogs that destructively chew?

Durable chew toys made of safe materials, such as rubber or nylon, are recommended for dogs that destructively chew. Choose toys specifically designed for aggressive chewers and consider size and texture preferences of your dog.

  1. When should I seek professional help for my dog’s destructive chewing?

If your dog’s destructive chewing persists despite your efforts, or if it is accompanied by other concerning behaviors, it is advisable to seek professional help from a veterinarian, certified dog trainer, or animal behaviorist. They can provide further guidance and develop a tailored plan to address the issue.

Remember, each dog is unique, and it may take time and patience to address destructive chewing behaviors. Professional guidance can be invaluable in understanding the underlying causes and implementing appropriate strategies for behavior modification.

Brenda Thompson

Brenda Thompson is an expert in dog behavior with over a decade of experience, and she is also passionate about working with cats and birds. In addition to contributing pet content to, she is a Certified Dog Behavior Consultant. She received her Doctorate of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) from Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine in 2007 and has over 16 years of experience in treating animals. Her expertise is in educating pet owners on common pet health problems and providing them with option-based care to help choose what is best for their companions

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